Architecture in Argentina, Art in Buenos Aires

Achitect Santiago Calatrava- Puente de la Mujer

La Boca- ‘The mouth’ in English. The barrio of La Boca is so named because it is situated at the mouth of the river that runs along the capital federal’s southern border: the Riachuelo.

This proximity to the river is in fact the reason for La Boca’s existence: the barrio used to consist solely of shipyards and of the houses of people who worked in them. The houses were built with cast-off ship building materials, meaning that they were largely constructed of materials such as planks, sheet metal and corrugated iron.

Today La Boca remains a rough, working class and downbeat neighborhood.
Caminito is the work of the local La Boca artist Benito Quinquela Martín. In 1960 he painted the walls of what was then an abandoned street and erected a makeshift stage for performances, and it quickly became a haven for artists.

100-Year-Old Theatre Converted Into Stunning Bookstore

Tucked away in Barrio Norte, Buenos Aires is a beautiful bookshop called El Ateneo Grand Splendid. It is built within the almost 100-year-old Grand Splendid Theater, which opened in 1919.

The theatre was later converted into a cinema and eventually, in 2000, it was converted into the El Ateneo Grand Splendid bookshop, which currently welcomes over one million visitors each year.

The stunning building was originally designed by architects Peró and Torres Armengol, then later converted from a cinema into a bookshop by architect Fernando Manzzone, who retained many parts of the theatre, including the stage, the balconies, the incredible architectural details and even the red curtains.

In 2008 El Ateneo Grand Splendid was named the second most beautiful bookshop in the world by The Guardian, and that’s no surprise considering it’s elaborate décor and classic 1920’s theater feel.

Haydee Mercedes Sosa- Argentine singer

Haydee Mercedes Sosa

Chilean architecture, Santiago Architecture, Santiago de Chile, Valparaiso, Vina del mar

The Costanera Center Torre 2, better known as Gran Torre Santiago (Great Santiago Tower), and previously known as Torre Gran Costanera, is a 64-story tall skyscraper in Santiago, Chile, the tallest in Latin America.
It is the second-tallest building in the Southern hemisphere by highest architectural feature (behind Q1 in Australia) and by highest occupied floor (after Australia’s Eureka Tower).
It was designed by Argentine architect César Pelli, Chilean architects Alemparte Barreda & Asociados, and by the Canadian company Watt International.

 Bahá’í Temple / Hariri Pontarini Architects.
A temple of light expressing a faith of inclusion is poised to become an architectural landmark in Chile. Set within the Andean foothills just beyond the metropolis of Santiago, the complex- curved temple is designed by the distinguished Canadian architect Siamak Hariri as an invitation for spiritual contemplation and architectural pilgrimage.

Without ritual or clergy, without icons or images, Bahá’í Temples are conceived to reflect an ideal of universal worship where women, men and children can gather together as equals. The Bahá’ís believe in the critical role of volunteerism (known as service) to heighten their prayer and reflection within a House of Worship. In time, universities and hospitals are to be erected in proximity to the temples. In Chile, connecting to the community has inspired the re purposing of an existing golf clubhouse on the property into an education center for youth.

Mestizo Restaurant / Smiljan Radic- black reinforced-concrete beams joined to decks of the same material were set in place; these formed a “false” ceiling of the enclosure. Descending from the beams are supports that in strategic places fit with the lumps of granite of various sizes, heights and weights (as much as ten tons)

Parque Bicentenario de Vitacura de Teodoro Fernandez

Parque Bicentenario, Vitacura

The different areas of this 30-hectare park en eastern Santiago have been carefully designed by Teodoro Fernández L. Architects. In this Savanna-like environment of widely scattered trees, well-kempt lawns, pristine ponds and meandering footpaths all work harmoniously as a symmetric whole, giving the sense that nature is in on the design game too.

Not only does this urban park itself exude a modern flare, the view from it isn’t half bad either. Park goers can look out at many of Santiago’s most important modern skyscrapers playfully reflecting the sun’s rays off their sleek exteriors.

Among the parks attractions are a playground for children, lakes with black-necked swans and flamingos, a restaurant on the far eastern side of the park and, of course, the wide expanse of grass that is great for picnics, jogging or admiring the view

Patricia Ready Gallery of Art

The building is located on a plot of 2.240m2, on the north-west corner of the intersection at Espoz and Narciso Goycolea streets. It has a large access courtyard on the corner to exhibit sculptures, and a reception, a café, a main showroom, plus a small room dedicated to exhibit art of a smaller format. All of these areas are laid out around the main courtyard, bound at its north and east sides with a sliding window, to form a continuous, open public space. The building also contains an auditorium with capacity for 99 seats, with a screening room and translation area, located in the basement under the smaller exhibition room, which is raised above the main floor, the kitchen is behind the cafe; and further to the interior of the plot, a sales room and archive, secretary and offices, open to a longitudinal courtyard generated by the required setback from the eastern boundary of the site. There is also a basement floor for storage rooms and parking for 26 cars

Bolivian architecture, La Paz, Copacabana y isla del Sol

Simón Bolívar and also colloquially as El Libertador was a Venezuelan military and political leader who absolved from the Spanish Empire what are currently the states of Venezuela, Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru and Panama. 

On 6 August 1825, at the Congress of Upper Peru, the “Republic of Bolivia” was created. Bolívar is thus one of the few people that have country named after him.

Architect Elisabetta Andreoli  and artist Ligia D’Andrea’s book “Andean Architecture of Bolivia”, which focuses on the work of Freddy Mamani– ex-bricklayer turned engineer and constructor- has become the excuse to talk about everything else related to the highland country of Bolivia. 

There are 70 Mamani Cholet creations in El Alto (cholet is a portmanteau of the words chalet and cholo — meaning indigenous person).

Mamani has designed buildings in Peru and Brazil, and a corner of the new museum Evo Morales built in his own honor  in his native village of Orinoca.

Mamani will also complete his first hotel in El Alto in 2020. In the meantime, travelers can stay in at a B&B in an imitation Mamani building, Cholet Havana.

The architect has recreated his signature ballroom for an exhibition that opened at the Cartier Foundation for Contemporary Art in Paris last week, entitled Southern Geometries, from Mexico to Patagonia

El Alto Bolivia’s second city, home to the highest international airport in South America (and fifth-highest in the world) at 4,061 meters, it is a place visitors fly into before being whisked to La Paz, the de facto capital, 15 km away and 421 meters lower.

El Alto is emerging from the shadow of its neighbour, thanks to its fantastic rebel architecture, new cable car routes, emerging culinary credentials and the trailblazing input of its first female mayor, Soledad Chapeton.

In the last ten years, La Paz has transformed. Incredible economic growth and a government keen to overturn centuries of colonialism, inequality and exclusion, have led to the emergence of an ‘Aymara Bourgeoisie’- people of indigenous or mestizo descent who have made their money in the vast informal markets of El Alto and La Paz.  There is an important debate about terminology – some claim that the terms ‘chola bourgeoisie’, ‘proto-bourgeoisie’, or ‘wealthy popular class’ would be more appropriate, depending on the salience given to tradition, ethnic and class identity, or rurality/urbanity.

There is no doubt however that the Aymara Bourgeoisie have transformed La Paz, creating architecture, fashion and patterns of mobility that challenge not only the status quo in the city, but some of the central tenets of critical urban theory.

POLLERA women with their hair in traditional Tullmas hats fight it out LUCHA LIBRE style

Peruvian architecture, Cuzco, Ollantaytambo, El RioUrubamba de Machu Picchu

Francisco Pizarro González was a Spanish qonquistador who led an expedition that conquered the Inca Empire.

He captured and killed Incan emperor Atahualpa, and claimed the lands for Spain.

Pizarro advanced with his army of 500 Spaniards toward Cuzco, accompanied by Chalcuchimac, one of the leading Inca generals of the north and a supporter of Atahualpa, who was subsequently burned at the stake. Manco Inca Yupangui joined Pizarro after the death of Tupac Huallpa.

During the exploration of Cuzco, Pizarro was impressed and through his officers wrote back to King Charles I of Spain, saying: “This city is the greatest and the finest ever seen in this country or anywhere in the Indies… We can assure your Majesty that it is so beautiful and has such fine buildings that it would be remarkable even in Spain.

The Government Palace also known as the House of Pizarro, is the seat of the executive branch of the Peruvian government and the official residence of the President of Peru.

 The palace is a stately government building, occupying the northern side of the Plaza Mayor in Peru’s capital city, Lima.

Set on the Rimac River the palace occupies the site of a very large huaca (“revered object”) that incorporated a shrine to taulichusco, the last kuraka (indigenous governor) of Lima.

The Governorate of New Castile was the gubernatorial region administered to Francisco Pizarro in 1528 by King Charles i of Spain, of which he was appointed governor.

The region roughly consisted of modern Peru and was after the foundation of Lima in 1535 divided. The conquest of the Inca Empire in 1531–1533, performed by Pizarro and his brothers set the basis for the territorial boundaries of New Castile

The Plaza Mayor or Plaza de Armas of Lima, is the birthplace of the city of Lima, as well as the core of the city.

Located in the Historic center of Lima, it is surrounded by the Government palace, Cathedral of Lima, Archbishop palace of Lima, the Municipal palace, and the Palace of the Union.

Mario Vargas Llosa Hispano-Peruvian writer and 2010 Nobel Laureate in Literature.

Alberto Fujimori is a Peruvian former politician who served as the President of Peru from 28 July 1990 to 22 November 2000.

His government is credited with the creation of Fujimorism defeating the Shining Path insurgency and restoring Peru’s macroeconomic stability.

 Fujimori ended his presidency by fleeing Peru for Japan amid a major scandal involving corruption and human rights violations.

Even amid his prosecution in 2008 for crimes against humanity relating to his presidency, two-thirds of Peruvians polled voiced approval for his leadership in that period

Miraflores is a district of the Lima Province in Peru. It is an exclusive residential and upscale shopping district south of downtown Lima. It is also one of the most affluent districts that make up the city of Lima.

It has various hotels (including the Hilton, the JW Mariott and the Belmond), restaurants, bars, nightclubs, and department stores.

Miraflores is one of the main tourist attractions in Lima.

Machu Picchu habría sido una de las residencias de descanso de Pachachutes, noveno inca del Tahuantisuyo entre 1438 y 1470.

Machu Picchu fue declarado Santuario Histórico Peruano en 1981 y está en la Lista del Patrimonio de la Humanidad de la Unesco desde 1983, como parte de todo un conjunto cultural y ecológico conocido bajo la denominación Santuario historico de Machu Picchu.

El Rio Urubamba y el pueblo de Aguas Calientes, vistos desde el camino que lleva a Machu Picchu.

The vicuña  is one of the two wild South American camelids which live in the high alpine areas of the Andes, the other being the guanaco. It is a relative of the llama, and is now believed to be the wild ancestor of domesticated alpacas, which are raised for their coats.

Vicuñas produce small amounts of extremely fine wool, which is very expensive because the animal can only be shorn every three years, and has to be caught from the wild. When knitted together, the product of the vicuña’s wool is very soft and warm. The inca valued vicuñas highly for their wool, and it was against the law for anyone but royalty to wear vicuña garments; today the vicuña is the national animal of Peru and appears in the Peruvian coat of arms.